Authors Note. Below is my original post on the potential causes of the AF 447 cabin altitude advisory, I concluded that there were a number of potential causes one of which could be an erroneous altitude input from the ADIRU. What I didn’t consider was that the altitude advisory could have been triggered by correct operation of the cabin pressure control system, see The AF 447 cabin vertical speed advisory and Pt II for more on this.
The last ACARS transmision received from AF 447 was the ECAM advisory that the cabin altitude (pressure) variation had exceeded 1,800 ft/min for greater than 5 seconds. While some commentators have taken this message to indicate that the aircraft had suffered a catastrophic structural failure, all we really know is that at that point there was a rapid change in reported cabin altitude. Given the strong indications of unreliable air data from other on-board systems, perhaps it’s worthwhile having a look for other potential causes of such rapid cabin pressure changes.