Resilience and common cause considered in the wake of hurricane Sandy
One of the fairly obvious lessons from Hurricane Sandy is the vulnerability of underground infrastructure such as subways, road tunnels and below grade service equipment to flooding events.
The New York City subway system is 108 years old, but it has never faced a disaster as devastating as what we experienced last night”
NYC transport director Joseph Lhota
Yet despite the obviousness of the risk we still insist on placing such services and infrastructure below grade level. Considering actual rises in mean sea level, e.g a 1 foot increase at Battery Park NYC since 1900, and those projected to occur this century perhaps now is the time to recompute the likelihood and risk of storm surges overtopping defensive barriers.